Wearables for an Internet of Marine Life

Year: 2023 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41587-023-01827-3

Extra Information

Kaidarova, A. Geraldi, N.A., R.P. Wilson, J. Kosel, M. G. Meekan, V.M. Eguíluz, M.M. Hussain, A. Shamim,  H. Liao, M. Srivastava, S.S. Saha, M. S. Strano, X. Zhang, B.S. Ooi, M. Holton, L. W. Hopkins, X. Jin, X. Gong, F. Quintana, A. Tovasarov, A. Tasmagambetova,  and C.M. Duarte. 2023. Wearables for an Internet of Marine Life.  Nature Biotechnology https://doi.org/10.1038/s41587-023-01827-3


Human societies depend on marine ecosystems, but their degradation continues. Toward mitigating this decline, new and more effective ways to precisely measure the status and condition of marine environments are needed alongside existing rebuilding strategies. Here, we provide an overview of how sensors and wearable technology developed for humans could be adapted to improve marine monitoring. We describe barriers that have slowed the transition of this technology from land to sea, update on the developments in sensors to advance ocean observation and advocate for more widespread use of wearables on marine organisms in the wild and in aquaculture. We propose that large-scale use of wearables could facilitate the concept of an ‘internet of marine life’ that might contribute to a more robust and effective observation system for the oceans and commercial aquaculture operations. These observations may aid in rationalizing strategies toward conservation and restoration of marine communities and habitats.